1441 Monument Ave
Springfield, IL 62702
16th U.S. PRESIDENT
Washington, DC 1861-1865
- Served as the first Republican Party president and built the Republican Party into a powerful national organization.
- Defended and preserved the unity of the United States by defeating the secessionist Confederacy in the Civil War, and instituted a formal Reconstruction Plan to reunite the nation after the war.
- Supervised all aspects of the war effort and selected top generals (including Ulysses S. Grant) to lead military campaigns
- Issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, freeing slaves within the Confederacy. Endorsed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which totally abolished slavery.
- Delivered the Gettysburg Address, the most famous speech in American history.
- Signed landmark legislation, including the National Banking Act, legislation that protected American industry, and a bill that chartered the first transcontinental railroad.
- Supported the Federal Homestead Law (1862), which allowed poor people in the east to acquire land in the west.
ILLINOIS STATE REPRESENTATIVE
Vandalia - Springfield, IL 1834-1842
- Led the Long Nine group of seven legislators and two senators in moving the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield
- Helped pass a bill to build better roads and construct a system of canals and railroads making Illinois a more progressive and accessible state.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Springfield, IL 1836-1861
- Prepared cases for federal courts, the Illinois Supreme Court and the state’s Eighth Judicial Circuit. Admitted to practice in United States Circuit Court in 1839
- Joined the Republican Party in 1856 and gained national attention by challenging Stephen A. Douglas to a series of debates in 1858
New Salem, IL 1833-1836
- Worked diligently to serve and please customers. Routinely walked several miles to deliver mail when I know that someone is waiting for an important letter.
- Honorary Doctor of Laws Princeton University 1864
- Honorary Degree Columbia 1861
- Knox College's First Honorary Doctorate Knox College 1860
- Accomplished storyteller
- Excellent writing ability
- Works well with people
- Moderate abolitionist
- Only US president to own a patent, granted in 1849 for device to lift boats over shoals.